Replacing the hard disk in your new-to-you Solbourne should be your first order of business since virtually every hard disk in every Sol I have ever used was a ticking timebomb with a SCSI interface. Since many of these systems have been gutted or the OS messed with, it's probably simpler just to start from scratch.
Nowadays, since parallel SCSI devices are dying out and buying used drives merely prolongs the inevitable, the replacement device of choice (IMHO) is a solid-state SCSI disk emulator, of which I find the SCSI2SD to be the most widely supported and useful. It isn't really any faster -- in fact, in some cases it's a bit slower -- but it's infinitely more reliable and uses vanishingly little power. My "S3000DX" (which you see installing OS/MP from my trusty boots-anything Toshiba CD-ROM at right) powers it completely with termination power; the Molex power cable isn't even connected. With appropriate excess for wear levelling I expect the motherboard to wear out long before the microSD card in it will.
These instructions assume you are installing OS/MP 4.1C, the most recent version of OS/MP available. The steps are oriented more to the IDT systems, which I have the most experience with rebuilding, but should basically work for KBus SeriesX machines as well. I also suspect that these basic instructions (minus the OS/MP specifics) will work for other systems that are based around relatives of the WD33C93A SCSI controller, which is a member of the very popular Western Digital 33C93 chipset used in other SPARCstations, Silicon Graphics systems and even some Commodore Amigas.
Using the SCSI2SD configuration utility, create your SCSI "disks." Don't enable any additional features (in particular, do not enable SCSI-2, and do not enable parity -- the Solbourne boot PROM does not boot from such devices). The OS/MP installer does not appear to support geometries larger than 2GB (though see below for a possible workaround), so use 2GB devices, i.e., 512 byte blocks, 4194304 sectors each. I set up two targets sequentially (use Auto to let the configuration utility lay them out for you), assigning them IDs 0 and 1. You can do additional targets, but remember that IDs 5, 6 and 7 are reserved for the tape streamer, the CD-ROM and the host respectively. On my 8GB microSD card I created just the two and left the remainder for wear-leveling. Use whatever meaningful strings you like for vendor, product and serial number. Only use "Hard Drive" as the device.
Save the configuration and let the utility set up your SCSI targets.
Connect your CD-ROM (I'll assume that's what you're using), insert the OS/MP CD-ROM and boot the proper installation kernel using the magic command
where XXXX is one of Series5 Series6 S4000 for the Series 5/5E, 6/6E or IDT systems respectively. Remember, the CD-ROM must be configured for 512-byte blocks and set to ID 6.
The Solbourne will load the RAMdisk and enter the installation menu. Select the Bourne shell option (3). You will drop to a command prompt. Run format (this is the same utility as SunOS 4.1 uses).
When format starts, it will display all detected SCSI targets. For each of your targets:
You have some choices about partitioning, but here's how I did mine. On sd0 I placed / (as sd0a, i.e., partition a), /usr (as sd0d/partition d) and swap (as sd0b/partition b), and on sd1 a big fat /home (as sd1a/partition a). Recall that in the BSD scheme of things sdXc is always the whole disk, and SunOS is BSD. I selected sd0 and set a b d to appropriate sizes (remember that in this scheme /var and /tmp will be on /, so don't skimp on that), setting everything else to 0. I then assigned mount points to a d, and a pseudo-mount point of primary (for primary swap) to b. Accept the changes by selecting option 8, answering yes, and then re-entering the partitioner. Then, for sd1, I assigned all of the space to a and also gave it a mount point, and accepted that change as well.
In general, I would use twice your physical memory for swap or more (I used 128MB for my 40MB S3000).
Now that formatting and partitioning are complete, select the installation utility from the main menu (2). Make sure the five essential mountpoints are defined. Usually /var and /tmp are on /, though they don't have to be. If the system did not automatically detect the mountpoints you defined, select the missing one by number and enter the device (for example, in my scheme, root (1) should be on sd0a, swap (2) on sd0b and /usr (3) on sd0d with the remainder located on the root partition). Once everything is done, enter continue for the next step.
On the next screen, verify that media type is CD-ROM, the device is /dev/sr0 and the CD host is localhost (the other options are irrelevant). Enter continue to confirm.
The OS/MP installer will now offer optional packages. You might as well install everything; you'll have more than enough space to do so and then some. To do this, select Optional Software (1) and ensure that the Software Install column is set to y for all items. This will install a full kit with all extras, which is invariably what you want on a device this large. Enter continue to confirm, and install to begin.
During this process file systems will be created with newfs on sd0 and all OS components will be installed. This process will take a number of minutes to complete. Afterwards the system variables will be set to point to the new OS (confirm with yes) and then reboot the machine from the installation menu (4). OS/MP will start the post-installation process.
Log in as root. The installer only newfses partitions on sd0, so you'll have to do it for your other mount points. Since I put /home on sd1a, I did newfs sd1a and then added a line to /etc/fstab:
/dev/sd1a /home 4.2 rw 1 3You can now mount /home (which you'll need to do for the next step).
Next, install all the 4.1C patches. You an either get them from Bitsavers or our gopher server. Un-tar them to /home/patches and then
cd /home/patches /usr/sbin/pkgadd -a none -d /home/patches p* P*(this ensures they get applied in the correct order). Rebuild the kernel with the patches applied by going to the correct configuration directory (for IDT systems, this will be /usr/kvm/sys/idt/conf; for SeriesX systems, look under /usr/kvm/sys/Series5/conf or /usr/kvm/sys/Series6/conf), following the instructions in the README file (you can choose any name you like for the new kernel). Once rebuilt and installed, keeping the old kernel (/vmunix) around just in case, shutdown -r now to reboot.
At this point this would be a good time to set up DNS and/or YP/NIS. If you do that, remember that you need to keep YP advised of changes to the system such as new user accounts. You can go to /var/yp and do a make to force an update if things seem to be out of sync or you have just made such a change.
If you are telneting in from an xterm, you may need to set your TERM variable to vt100 prior to making the connection (and then you can set it back after).
Read more useful things on our local copy of the venerable Solbourne Shack.
Feb 6 22:00 Solbourne Computer Workstation S3000 Copyright (c) 1990 Solbourne Computer, Inc. BOOT ROM Version: 2.1 09/27/91 13:11:18 40 Megabytes memory installed Serial #FP00076EX Ethernet Address = 00:00:8e:06:14:d3 ROM> boot Boot: sd.si(0,0,0)/vmunix Entry: 0xfd080000 Size: 0x130000+0x437f0+0x8b3b8 OS/MP 4.1C Export(REYKJAVIK/root)#0: Sat Jan 23 21:28:36 1999 Copyright (c) 1988-1994, Sun Microsystems, Inc. and Solbourne Computer, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Unpublished -- rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Solbourne Computer, Inc. 1900 Pike Road, Longmont, Colorado, 80501 U.S.A. This product and related documentation is protected by copyright and distributed under licenses restricting its use, copying, distribution, and decompilation. No part of this product or related documentation, may be reproduced in any form by any means without prior written authorization of Sun, Solbourne, and its licensors, if any. Derived from SPARC (R) SunOS 4.1.3 licensed from Sun Microsystems, Inc. and derived from UNIX (R) and Berkeley 4.3BSD licensed from UNIX Systems Laboratories, Inc. and The Regents of the University of California, respec- tively. Restricted Rights Legend: Use, duplication or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in FAR 52.227-19, and (for NASA) as supplemented in NASA FAR Supplement 126.96.36.199 or in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause of DFARS 52.227-7013, any successor regulations, or comparable regulations of other Government agencies as appropriate. mem = 40960K (0x2800000) 40M avail mem = 38076416 L2 cache enabled assign sbus slot 1 to bwtwo0 enabling ECC cpu = KAP si0 at sbus 0x40000020 pri 4 si0: 20MHz WD33C93A ucode 0: R2.3: id 7: synch: offset 12: 5.00MB/sec sa0 at si0 slave 0 sa1 at si0 slave 0 st0 at si0 slave 4 st1 at si0 slave 5 sd0 at si0 slave 0 sd0: si0 target 0 lun 0: online: codesrc SCSI2SD 1.0: sd0: sync negotiation: asynch sd0: label: <Seagate ST12550 Barracuda cyl 2709 alt 2 hd 19 sec 81> sd1 at si0 slave 1 sd1: si0 target 1 lun 0: online: sol SCSI2SD3 1.0 : sd1: sync negotiation: asynch sd1: label: <Seagate ST12550 Barracuda cyl 2709 alt 2 hd 19 sec 81> sd2 at si0 slave 2 sd3 at si0 slave 3 sr0 at si0 slave 6 fdc0 at obio 0x8000c000 pri 11 fd0 at fdc0 slave 0 zs1 at obio 0x80004000 pri 3 zs0 at obio 0x80008000 pri 3 ei0 at obio 0x40000030 pri 6 Ethernet address = 0:0:8e:6:14:d3 ei0: 0:0:8e:6:14:d3 bwtwo0 at sbus 0x10001000 pri 6 bwtwo0: resolution 1152 x 900 audioamd0 at obio 0x80010000 pri 9 root on sd0a fstype 4.2 swap on sd0b fstype spec size 131584K dump on sd0b fstype spec size 131584K Primary console: using keyboard / bwtwo0